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  1. 英語不規則動詞

    規則

    一般情況

    如果動詞輔音字母結尾,則直接加“ed”:
    If the verb ends in a consonant, add "ed":

    原型 變化后
    -walk walked
    -climb climbed
    -laugh laughed

    以重讀閉音節結尾時

    以重讀閉音節結尾,需要雙寫。

    原型 變化后 錯誤的變化
    -sip sipped not: siped
    -net netted not: neted
    -pad padded not: paded
    -mop mopped not: moped
    -sup supped not: suped

    以e結尾時

    如果動詞以不發音的“e”結尾,僅需加上“d”:
    If the verb ends in "e", just add "d":

    原型 變化后
    -like liked
    -rate rated
    -impede impeded
    -telephone telephoned
    -refute refuted

    以y結尾時

    如果動詞以“y”結尾,則將“y”改為“i”,再加上“ed”:
    If the verb ends in "y", change the "y" to "i" and add "ed":

    原型 變化后
    -carry carried
    -copy copied
    -cry cried
    -spy spied
    -try tried

    不規則變化

    一些詳見的#不規則動詞表
    SOME COMMON IRREGULAR VERBS:

    A-B-C型 a. begin - began - begun
    b. do - did - done
    c. eat - ate - eaten
    d. sing - sang - sung
    A-B-B型
    a. build - built - built
    b. kick - kicked - kicked
    c. pay - paid - paid
    d. have - had - had
    A-B-A型
    a. become-became-become
    b. run- ran - run
    c. come - came - come
    A-A-A型
    a. hit - hit - hit
    b. cut - cut - cut
    c. let - let - let
    d. cost - cost - cost

    不規則動詞表

    不定式 過去式 過去分詞 不定式 過去式 過去分詞
    INFINITIVE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE let let let
    beat beat beaten lie lay lain
    become became become light lit/lighted lit/lighted
    begin began begun lose lost lost
    bend bent bent make made made
    bet bet bet mean meant meant
    bid bid bid meet met met
    bite bit bitten pay paid paid
    bleed bled bled put put put
    blow blew blown quit quit quit
    break broke broken read read read
    breed bred bred ride rode ridden
    bring brought brought ring rang rung
    broadcast broadcast broadcast rise rose risen
    build built built run ran run
    buy bought bought say said said
    catch caught caught see saw seen
    choose chose chosen seek sought sought
    cling clung clung sell sold sold
    come came come send sent sent
    cost cost cost set set set
    creep crept crept shake shook shaken
    cut cut cut shine shone shone
    deal dealt dealt shoot shot shot
    dig dug dug show showed shown
    do did done shrink shrank shrunk
    draw drew drawn shut shut shut
    dream dreamed dreamt sing sang sung
    drink drank drunk sink sank sunk
    drive drove driven sit sat sat
    eat ate eaten sleep slept slept
    fall fell fallen slide slid slid
    feed fed fed speak spoke spoken
    feel felt felt speed sped sped
    fight fought fought spend spent spent
    find found found spit spat spat
    flee fled fled spread spread spread
    fly flew flown stand stood stood
    forbid forbade forbidden steal stole stolen
    forget forgot forgotten stick stuck stuck
    forgive forgave forgiven strike struck struck
    freeze froze frozen swear swore sworn
    get got gotten sweep swept swept
    give gave given swim swam swum
    go went gone swing swung swung
    grow grew grown take took taken
    hang hung hung teach taught taught
    have had had tear tore torn
    hear heard heard tell told told
    hide hid hidden think thought thought
    hit hit hit throw threw thrown
    hold held held understand understood understood
    hurt hurt hurt upset upset upset
    keep kept kept wake woke woken
    know knew known wear wore worn
    lay laid laid win won won
    lead led led wind wound wound
    leave left left withdraw withdrew withdrawn
    lend lent lent write wrote written

    以下這些都是形式相同的動詞,如此編排可方便記憶:

    不定式 過去式 過去分詞 不定式 過去式 過去分詞
    INFINITIVE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE show showed shown
    bet bet bet swear swore sworn
    bid bid bid throw threw thrown
    broadcast broadcast broadcast wear wore worn
    hit hit hit withdraw withdrew withdrawn
    hurt hurt hurt beat beat beaten
    let let let bite bit bitten
    put put put choose chose chosen
    quit quit quit drive drove driven
    set set set eat ate eaten
    shut shut shut fall fell fallen
    spread spread spread forbid forbade forbidden
    upset upset upset forget forgot forgotten
    have had had forgive forgave forgiven
    make made made freeze froze frozen
    hear heard heard get got gotten
    lay laid laid give gave given
    pay paid paid hide hid hidden
    say said said ride rode ridden
    sell sold sold rise rose risen
    tell told told shake shook shaken
    bend bent bent speak spoke spoken
    build built built steal stole stolen
    creep crept crept take took taken
    deal dealt dealt wake woke woken
    dream dreamed dreamt write wrote written
    feel felt felt bleed bled bled
    keep kept kept breed bred bred
    leave left left feed fed fed
    lend lent lent flee fled fled
    lose lost lost hold held held
    mean meant meant lead led led
    send sent sent speed sped sped
    sleep slept slept cling clung clung
    spend spent spent dig dug dug
    sweep swept swept drink drank drunk
    bring brought brought hang hung hung
    buy bought bought ring rang rung
    catch caught caught run ran run
    fight fought fought shrink shrank shrunk
    seek sought sought sing sang sung
    teach taught taught sink sank sunk
    think thought thought stick stuck stuck
    blow blew blown strike struck struck
    do did done swim swam swum
    draw drew drawn swing swung swung
    go went gone win won won
    grow grew grown light lit lit
    know knew known shoot shot shot
    lie lay lain sit sat sat
    see saw seen slide slid slid
    shine shined shone spit spat spat
    高清无码电影

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